Thursday, April 30, 2015

Fingerprint Of Gods

Chittorgarh Fort

Chittorgarh Fort
Chittorgarh Fort (Hindi/Rajasthani: चित्तौड़ दुर्ग Chittor Durg) is one of the largest forts in India and probably the grandest in the state of Rajasthan. It is a World Heritage Site. The fort, popularly known as Chittor, was the capital of Mewar and is today situated in Chittorgarh City. It was initially ruled by Guhilot and later by Sisodias, the Suryavanshi clans of Chattari Rajputs, from the 7th century, until it was finally abandoned in 1568 after the siege by Emperor Akbar in 1567. It sprawls majestically over a hill 180 m (590.6 ft) in height spread over an area of 280 ha (691.9 acres) above the plains of the valley drained by the Berach River. The fort precinct with an evocative history is studded with a series of historical palaces, gates, temples and two prominent commemoration towers. These monumental ruins have inspired the imagination of tourists and writers for centuries.
The fort was sacked three times between the 15th and 16th centuries; in 1303 Allauddin Khilji defeated Rana Ratan Singh, in 1535 Bahadur Shah, the Sultan of Gujarat defeated Bikramjeet Singh and in 1567 Emperor Akbar defeated Maharana Udai Singh II who left the fort and founded Udaipur. Each time the men fought bravely rushing out of the fort walls charging the enemy but lost every time. Following these defeats, Jauhar was committed thrice by more than 13,000 ladies and children of the Rajput heroes who laid their lives in battles at Chittorgarh Fort, first led by Rani Padmini wife of Rana Rattan Singh who was killed in the battle in 1303, and later by Rani Karnavati in 1537 AD.
Thus, the fort represents the quintessence of tribute to the nationalism, courage, medieval chivalry and sacrifice exhibited by the Mewar rulers of Sisodia and their kinsmen and women and children, between the 7th and 16th centuries. The rulers, their soldiers, the women folk of royalty and the commoners considered death as a better option than dishonor in the face of surrender to the foreign invading armies.
In 2013, at the 37th session of the World Heritage Committee held in Phnom Penh, Cambodia, Chittorgarh Fort, along with 5 other forts of Rajasthan, was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site under the group Hill Forts of Rajasthan.
Chittorgarh Fort is considered to be the largest fort of India in terms of area. It is stated that the fort was constructed by the Mauryans during the 7th century AD and hence derives its name after the Mauryan ruler, Chitrangada Mori, as inscribed on coins of the period. Historical records show Chittorgarh fort as the capital of Mewar for 834 years.[citation needed] It was established in 734 AD by Bappa Rawal, founder ruler in the hierarchy of the Sisodia rulers of Mewar. It is also said[by whom?] that the fort was gifted to Bappa Rawal as part of Solanki princess’s dowry in the 8th century.[citation needed] The fort was looted and destroyed at the hands of Emperor Akbar in 1568 AD and subsequently never resettled but only refurbished in 1905 AD. Three important battles were fought for control of the fort; in 1303, Ala-ud-din Khilji besieged the fort; in 1535, Sultan of Gujarat Bahadur Shah besieged the fort; and in 1567, Mughal Emperor Akbar attacked the fort. Not that there were only defeats at the fort. Excluding the periods of siege, the fort had always remained in possession of the Sisodias of the Guhilot (or Gehlot/Guhila) clan of Rajputs, who descended from Bappa Rawal. There were also success stories of establishment of the fort and its reconstruction after every siege, before it was finally abandoned in 1568, all of which are narrated.
Chittor is cited in the Mahabharat epic. It is said that Bhima, the second of the Pandava brothers of Epic Mahabaharata fame, known for his mighty strength gave a powerful hit with his fist to the ground that resulted in water springing up to form a large reservoir. It is called Bhimlat kund, an artificial tank named after Bhima. Folk legend also mentions that Bhima started building the fort.
Wikipedia The Free Encyclopedia
Images: Bing com and
Mystery of India

Wednesday, April 29, 2015

Somnath Temple and Abadhit Samudra Marg, Tirsthambh (Arrow)

Mahadev TempleShree Somnath Mahadev and the sacred soil from where Bhagvan Shri Krishna took his last journey to his neejdham. 

Somnath temple stands at the shore of the Arabian ocean on the western corner of Indian subcontinent in Gujarat State. This pilgrimage is one of the oldest and finds its reference in the ancient texts like Skandpuran, Shreemad Bhagavat, Shivpuran etc. The hymn from Rig-Veda quoted below mention the Bhagvan Someshwar along with the great pilgrimage like Gangaji, Yamunaji and Eastward Saraswati. This signifies the ancient value of this Tirthdham.

The Moon God is said to have been relieved from the curse of his father-in-law Daksha Prajapati by the blessings of Bhagvan Somnath.  In  the Shiva  Purana  and Nandi  Upapurana, Shiva  said, `I  am  always present everywhere  but  specially  in  12  forms  and places as  the  Jyotirlingas`. Somnath is one of  these 12 holy places. This is the first among the twelve holy Shiva Jyotirlings.
The  shore  temple of Somnath is  believed  to  have  been  built  in  4  phases-in  gold  by  Lord Soma,  in  silver  by  Ravi,  in wood  by  lord  Krishna  and  in  stone  by  King Bhimadeva. 

It has withstood the six-repeated desecration by the Muslim invaders. The very existence of this temple is symbol of reconstructive spirit and cultural unity of our society.

The seventh existing temple is built in the Kailas Mahameru Prasad style. The Iron man of India Sardar Shri Vallabhbhai Patel is the pioneer of the existing temple.

The temple is consisting of Garbhgruh, Sabhamandap and Nrityamandap with a 150 feet high Shikhar. The Kalash at the top of the Shikhar weighs 10 tons and the Dhwajdand is 27 feet tall and 1 foot in circumference. 

The Abadhit Samudra Marg, Tirsthambh (Arrow) indicates the unobstructed sea route to the South Pole.

The nearest land towards South Pole is about 9936 km. away. This is a wonderful indicator of the ancient Indian wisdom of geography and strategic location of the Jyotirling. The temple renovated by Maharani Ahalyabai is adjacent to the main temple complex.

Hari Har Tirthdham is here in Somnath. This is the holy place of Bhagvan Shri Krishna's Neejdham Prasthan Leela. The place where Bhagvan Shri Krishna was hit by an arrow of a poacher is known as Bhalka Tirtha. 

After being hit by the arrow, Bhagvan Shri Krishna arrived at the holy confluence of Hiran, Kapila and Saraswati and their Sangam with the ocean. He performed his divine Neejdham Prasthan Leela at the sacred and peaceful banks of river Hiran. 

The Geetamandir is built here where the divine message of Shrimad Bhagavat Geeta is carved on eighteen marble pillars. Shri Lakshminarayan Mandir is close by. The Balramjiki Gufa is the place from where Bhagvan Shrikrishna's elder brother Balaramji took journey to his nijdham-patal.

Here is the Parshuram Tapobhumi, where Bhagvan Parshuramji carried out penance and he was relieved from the sin of Kshatriya killings. The Pandavas have said to have visited this place and taken holy bath in the Jalprabhas and built five Shiv temples.

Thursday, April 23, 2015

हिन्दुओं के प्राचीन 111 मंदिरों की लिस्ट

1. काशी विश्वनाथ मंदिर वाराणसी, उत्तरप्रदेश
2. श्रीरामनथा स्वामी मंदिर रामेश्वरम्, तमिलनाडु
3. श्रीजगन्नाथ मंदिर, पुरी, ओडिशा
4. सूर्य मंदिर कोणार्क, ओडिशा
5. श्रीपद्मनाभस्वामी मंदिर तिरूअनंतपुरम, केरल
6. श्रीमहाकालेश्वर मंदिर उज्जैन, मध्यप्रदेश
7. श्रीगंगा सरस्वती मंदिर बसरा, तेलंगाना
8. एकलिंगनाथजी मंदिर, उदयपुर, राजस्थान
9. श्रीद्वारकाधीश, गुजरात
10. श्रीकृष्ण जन्मभूमि मंदिर, मथुरा 
11. श्रीदक्षिणेश्वर मंदिर, कोलकाता
12. श्रीसिद्धिविनायक मंदिर, मुंबई  
13. श्रीवेंकटेश्वर मंदिर, तिरूपति
14. कंधारिया महादेव मंदिर, खजुराहो
15. केदारनाथ, उत्तराखंड 
16. श्रीमुरूदेश्वर स्वामी मंदिर, कर्नाटक
17. पशुपतिनाथ मंदिर, काठमांडू
18. गंगोत्री मंदिर, उत्तराखंड 
19. श्रीनाथजी मंदिर, नाथद्वारा
20. ब्रह्मा मंदिर, पुष्कर :
21. बद्रीनारायण मंदिर, उत्तराखंड22.रघुनाथ मंदिर, जम्मू 
23. श्रीसोमेश्वर स्वामी मंदिर, गुजरात 
24. श्री अयप्पा मंदिर, केरल
25. श्री मीनाक्षी मंदिर, मदुरै
26. श्री कृष्ण मंदिर, केरल
27. श्री रंगनाथा स्वामी मंदिर, श्रीरंगम, तमिलनाडु
28. श्री थिल्लई नटराज मंदिर, चिदंबरम, तमिलनाडु
29. श्री कनक दुर्गा देवी मंदिर, विजयवाडा, आंध्रप्रदेश
30. श्री सीता रामचंद्र स्वामी मंदिर, भद्राचलम, तेलंगाना
31. श्री नरसिम्हा मंदिर, अहोबिलम, आंध्र प्रदेश
32. विरूपक्ष मंदिर, हम्पी, कर्नाटक
33. एकमबरेश्वर मंदिर, कांचीपुरम, तमिलनाडु
34. श्री अंबाजी मंदिर, बनासकांठा, गुजरात
35. श्री चामुंडेश्वरी मंदिर, मैसूर, कर्नाटक
36. बृहदीश्वरर मंदिर, थंजावुर, तमिलनाडु
37. होयसेलेश्वरा मंदिर, हलेबिडु, कर्नाटक
38. श्री अरूणाचलेश्वर मंदिर, तिरूवन्नामलाई, तमिलनाडु
39. कंधारिया महादेव मंदिर, खजुराहो, मध्यप्रदेश
40. श्री चतुर्मुख ब्रह्मलिंगेश्वर मंदिर, चेबरोलु, आंध्र प्रदेश
41. एरावटेश्वर मंदिर, दारासुरम, तमिलनाडु
42. श्री मुरूदेश्वर स्वामी मंदिर, भटकल, कर्नाटक
43. शीतला माता मंदिर, गुड़गांव
44. श्री मंजुनाथ मंदिर, कर्नाटक
45. श्री जोगुलंब मंदिर, तेलंगाना
46. मनसा देवी मंदिर, हरिद्वार
47. श्री चेन्नकेश्वर मंदिर, कर्नाटक
48. श्री बैजनाथ मंदिर, हिमाचल
49. कैलाशनाथ मंदिर, तमिलनाडु
50. श्री वीरभद्र मंदिर, आंध्र प्रदेश
51. श्री ग्रश्नेश्वर मंदिर, महाराष्ट्र
52. श्री कृष्ण मंदिर, कर्नाटक
53. श्री मूकम्बिका देवी मंदिर, कोल्लूर, कर्नाटक
44. श्री वरदराजा स्वामी मंदिर, कांचीपुरम, तमिलनाडु
55. श्री वीर वेंकट सत्यनारायण स्वामी मंदिर, अन्नावरम्, आंध्र प्रदेश
56. श्री बैद्यनाथ मंदिर, झारखंड
57. श्री वरह लक्ष्मी नरसिम्हा स्वामी मंदिर, सिम्हाचलम, आंध्र प्रदेश
58. श्री लिंगराज मंदिर, भुवनेश्वर
59. श्री राम लला मंदिर, अयोध्या
60. श्रीमुखलिंगेश्वर मंदिर, श्रीकाकुलम, आंध्र प्रदेश
61. त्रिपुरेश्वरी मंदिर, उदयपुर, त्रिपुरा
62. श्री मुक्तेश्वर मंदिर, भुवनेश्वर
63. यमुनोत्री मंदिर, उत्तराखंड
64. कामाक्षी अम्मन मंदिर, कांचीपुरम, तमिलनाडु
65. वेदनारायण स्वामी मंदिर, चित्तूर, आंध्र प्रदेश
66. श्रीमुंडेश्वरी मंदिर, बिहार
67. वडक्कमनाथन मंदिर, केरल
68. श्रीमहालसा नारायणी देवी मंदिर, पोंडा, गोवा
69. श्रीसूर्य मंदिर, मोधेरा, गुजरात
70. श्रीमल्लिकार्जुन स्वामी मंदिर, श्रीसैलम, आंध्र प्रदेश
72. कामाख्या मंदिर, गुवाहाटी, असम
73. त्रयम्बकेश्वर मंदिर, महाराष्ट्र
74. रामप्पा मंदिर, तेलंगाना
75. श्रीवैकुंटनाथ स्वामी, श्री वैकुंठम, तमिलनाडु
76. श्रीवैकोम महादेव मंदिर, केरल
77. दन्तेश्वरी मंदिर, छत्तीसगढ़
78. महानन्दीश्वर मंदिर, महानन्दी, आंध्र प्रदेश
79. श्री महालक्ष्मी मंदिर, कोल्हापुर, महाराष्ट्र
80. श्रीवरसिद्धि विनायक मंदिर, कनिपक्कम, आंध्र प्रदेश
81. श्रीमुर्गन मंदिर, तमिलनाडु
82. श्रीथिरूनारायण स्वामी मंदिर, मेलकोट, कर्नाटक
83. श्रीलक्ष्मीनारायण मंदिर, चम्बा, हिमाचल प्रदेश
84. भद्र मारूति मंदिर, महाराष्ट्र
85. तुलजा भवानी मंदिर, महाराष्ट्र
86. श्री सलासर हनुमान मंदिर, सलासर, राजस्‍थान
87. श्रीनैना देवी मंदिर, हिमाचल प्रदेश
88. मन्नारशाला श्रीनागराज मंदिर, अलप्पुझा, केरल
89. श्रीकरमंध मंदिर, श्रीकरमम, आंध्र प्रदेश
90. श्रीशांता दुर्गा मंदिर, कावालेम, गोवा
91. जगद्पिता ब्रह्मा मंदिर, पुष्कर
92. श्रीविष्णुपद मंदिर, गया
93. श्रीबद्रीनारायण मंदिर, बद्रीनाथ
94. श्रीचौंसठ योगिनी मंदिर, ओडिशा
95. श्रीकैलाशनाथ मंदिर, एलोरा 
96. श्रीमेहंदीपुर बालाजी, मेहंदीपुर राजस्थान
98. श्रीलक्ष्मी नरसिम्हा स्वामी मंदिर, यादगिरीगट्टा, तेलंगाना
99. हनुमानधारा, चित्रकुट उत्तर प्रदेश
100. हिंगलाज माता मंदिर, बलूचिस्तान, पाकिस्तान
101. मं‍चमुख हनुमान मंदिर, कराची, पाकिस्तान
102. यशोरेश्वरी, जिला खुलना, बांग्लादेश
103. श्रीसाई बाबा मंदिर, शिरडी, महाराष्ट्र
104. शनि मंदिर, शिंगणापुर, महाराष्ट्र
105. श्रीमहाकालीका मंदिर, पावागढ़, गुजरात
106. कैलाश मानसरोवर, तिब्बत, चीन
107. बाबा अमरनाथ, कश्मीर, जम्मू और कश्मीर
108. श्रीवेष्णोदेवी मंदिर, जम्मू, जम्मू और कश्मीर
109. श्री गजानन महाराज, शेगांव, महाराष्ट्र
110. श्री बाबा रामदेव मंदिर, रुणिचा धाम रामदेवरा, राजस्थान
111. ॐकारेश्वर महादेव मंदिर, ओमकारेश्वर, मध्यप्रदेश

Tuesday, April 21, 2015

13 World Mysteries Without Explanation

Chinese mosaic lines

These strange lines are found at coordinates: 40°27’28.56″N, 93°23’34.42″E. There isn’t much information available on these strange, yet beautiful mosaic lines carved in the desert of the Gansu Sheng province in China.
these lines are somewhat near the Mogao Caves, which is a World Heritage Site. The lines span a very huge distance and yet still retain their linear proportions despite the curvature of the rough terrain.
Unexplained stone doll
The July 1889 find in Nampa, Idaho, of a small human figure during a well-drilling operation caused intense scientific interest last century. Unmistakably made by human hands, it was found at a depth of 320 feet which would place its age far before the arrival of man in this part of the world.
The find has never been challenged except to say that it was impossible.
The first stone calendar
In the Sahara Desert in Egypt lie the oldest known astronomically aligned stones in the world: Nabta. Over one thousand years before the creation of Stonehenge, people built a stone circle and other structures on the shoreline of a lake that has long since dried up. Over 6,000 years ago, stone slabs three meters high were dragged over a kilometer to create the site. Shown above is one of the stones that remains. Although at present the western Egyptian desert is totally dry, this was not the case in the past. There is good evidence that there were several humid periods in the past (when up to 500 mm of rain would fall per year) the most recent one during the last interglacial and early last glaciation periods which stretched between 130,000 and 70,000 years ago.
File:Calendar aswan.JPG
During this time, the area was a savanna and supported numerous animals such as extinct buffalo and large giraffes, varieties of antelope and gazelle. Beginning around the 10th millennium BC, this region of the Nubian Desert began to receive more rainfall, filling a lake. Early people may have been attracted to the region due to the source of water. Archaeological findings may indicate human occupation in the region dating to at least somewhere around the 10th and 8th millennia BC.
300 million year old iron screw
In the summer of 1998, Russian scientists who were investigating an area 300 th km southwest of Moscow on the remains of a meteorite, discovered a piece of rock which enclosed an iron screw. Geologists estimate that the age of the rock is 300-320 million years.
At that time there were not only intelligent life forms on earth, not even dinosaurs. The screw which is clearly visible in the head and nut, has a length of about cm and a diameter of about three millimeters.
Ancient rocket ship
This ancient cave painting from Japan is dated to be more than 5000 BC.
Sliding stones
Even NASA cannot explain it. It’s best to gaze in wonder at the sliding rocks on this dry lake bed in Death Valley National Park. Racetrack Playa is almost completely flat, 2.5 miles from north to south and 1.25 miles from east to west, and covered with cracked mud.
The rocks, some weighing hundreds of pounds, slide across the sediment, leaving furrows in their wakes, but no one has actually witnessed it.
Pyramid power
Teotihuacan, Mexico. Embedded in the walls of this ancient Mexican city are large sheets of mica. The closest place to quarry mica is located in Brazil, thousands of miles away. Mica is now used in technology and energy production so the question raised is why did the builders go to such extremes to incorporate this mineral into the building of their city.
Were these ancient architects harnessing some long forgotten source of energy in order to power their city?
Dog Deaths
Dog suicides at The Overtoun Bridge, near Milton, Dumbarton, Scotland. Built in 1859, the Overtoun Bridge has become famous for the number of unexplained instances in which dogs have apparently committed suicide by leaping off of it.
The incidents were first recorded around the 1950′s or 1960′s when it was noticed that dogs – usually the long-nosed variety like Collies – would suddenly and unexpectedly leap off the bridge and fall fifty feet to their deaths
Fossilized giant
The fossilized Irish giant from 1895 is over 12 feet tall. The giant was discovered during a mining operation in Antrim, Ireland. This picture is courtesy “the British Strand magazine of December 1895″ Height, 12 foot 2 inches; girth of chest, 6 foot 6 inches; length of arms 4 foot 6 inches. There are six toes on the right foot
The six fingers and toes remind some people of Bible passage 2 Samuel 21:20 ”And there was yet a battle in Gath, where was a man of great stature, that had on every hand six fingers, and on every foot six toes, four and twenty in number; and he also was born to the giant”
Pyramid of Atlantis?
Scientists continues to explore the ruins of megaliths in the so-called Yucatan channel near Cuba. They have been found for many miles along the coast. American archaeologists, who discovered this place, immediately declared that they found Atlantis (not the first time in history, underwater archaeology). B4INREMOTE-aHR0cDovLzQuYnAuYmxvZ3Nwb3QuY29tLy1POFQ0dkJIZWhPNC9VUVNDMXoxc0RsSS9BQUFBQUFBQVByWS9pRWlnOXo2VC1pZy9zNjQwL2N1YmErYXRsYW50aXMuanBn
it’s occasionally visited by scuba divers, and all other interested can enjoy only in surveying and computer reconstruction of the buried water city of a millennium age.
Giants in Nevada
Nevada Indian legend of 12 foot red-haired giants that lived in the area when they arrived. The story has the Native American’s killing off the giants at a cave. Excavations of guano in 1911 turned up this human jaw. Here it is compared to a casting of a normal man’s jawbone.
In 1931 two skeletons were found in a lake bed. One was 8′ tall, the other just under 10′ tall.
Inexplicable Wedge
On the bank of Mures River in Transylvania, near the city of Aiud, in 1974, an aluminum wedge was found among 20,000 year-old Mastdon bones, encased in one millimeter thick layer of oxides that shows it to be at least 300-400 years old. Aluminum is always found mixed with other metals but it was pure aluminum.
This 300 year old artifact is anomalous because aluminium was not discovered until 1808 and not produced in quantity until 1885. It’s still under research at an undisclosed location.
Lolladoff plate
‘The Lolladoff plate’ is a 12,000 year old stone dish found in Nepal. It seems that Egypt is not the only place that has been visited by Aliens in ancient times. It clearly shows a disk shaped UFO. There is also a figure on the disc looking remarkably similar to a Grey alien.

Ancient kingdom of Kamrupa in Gauhati?

Ancient Indian UFO's photo.Is Guwahati the site where the ancient kingdom of Kamrupa existed? This and many more questions, which are still mired in controversy, could be answered more vividly when the archeologists excavate the entire Bhaitbari-Tikrikilla area in Meghalaya's West Garo Hills district.
Hold your eyes as we take you to this remote archeological site that once shot into fame following excavation finding in 1992, but later on slipped into the back burner.

Wadagokgre is the site of an ancient civilization; believe to be cast out of the mighty majesty Bramaputra River in the fourth century AD or even earlier. The site is located in a small remote hamlet in West Garo Hills of Meghalaya. The excavation so far have clearly demonstrated that this site was a sprawling township with Buddhism, Hinduism and amalgamation of the two being widely practiced in this area.

In 1992, AK Sharma of ASI, Nagpur excavated the site and unearthed the three temple sites – with numerous Shiva lingas – and a Buddhist Stupa.
But the prominent and the most impressive discovery of the site is this Octagonal Temple with eight miniature octagons, each having a Shiva Lings. The structure is of a more magnificient architecture, having eight square subsidiary shrines radiating from the eight arms of the main octagon. This is perhaps one of the unique discoveries during the excavation. The total plan of the temple is 13 m in width and .90 m in height.
"Further excavations are likely to reveal further remains of an earlier habitation, besides unravelling the historical antiquity of the plains-belt of the State of which very little is known from recorded history," Williamson Sangma Museum curator Dr. Julius Marak said.
The Township viewed to be well fortified, has a large number of tanks inside and on the other prestigious heights is located a number of burn bricks temple. This is another thrilling unexpected discovery, the site of a structure associated with Buddhism, which is commonly known as stupa. The stupa belongs to a category of stupa, which is structurally termed as mud stupa. However, nothing is definitely known at present about the history of the site including the era it flourished.

Scholars believe that nearly 20 temple sites which have been there might have been palatial complexes and habitational areas for the population of the town. "Government will tie up with ASI North East circle to carry out further excavations of the entire Bhaitbari site, which is about 20 sq km" Dr. Marak said.
The archaeological findings which have yet to be adequately unraveled and carbon-dated are reported to be of considerable antiquity. The finds are of artifacts, which reveal the existence of planned places of worship with exquisitely designed masonry oil lamps.

In Williamson Sangma museum, Shillong deities of Ganesh, Parvati, Kubera and Yaksha have been preserved. The terracotta tiles and their stylistic taste and the existence of the stupa in Bhaitbari has forced the scholars somehow to conclude that this ancient fortified city may be contemporaneous to the reign of Harsha Vardhana, i.e., to the first half of the 7th Centry A.D.

The sites still stand as a challenge for those historians and scholars who have the will and courage to dig out its historic truth for the knowledge of the present and the benefit of the future. The site has not been properly promoted hence very few devotees, tourist and scholars visit this area. It demands an immediate attention, recognition, publicity and research.

It is only after the excavation of the 'inhabited' or 'residential' area can anything concrete be said about the history of the place.

Baital Deula Temple, Bhubaneshwar

भारतीय वास्तुकला (Wonderful Indian Architecture)'s photo.Mahishasur Mardini panel, Baital Deula Temple, Bhubaneshwar.


Trimurti Hindu Temple in Laos 5 th century

भारतीय वास्तुकला (Wonderful Indian Architecture)'s photo.Trimurti at Vat Phou temple, Laos
Dated: 5th century CE
Wat Phou was initially associated with the city of Shresthapura, which lay on the bank of the Mekong dir...ectly east of
mount Lingaparvata (now called Phu Kao). By the latter part of the 5th century the city was already the capital of a
kingdom which texts and inscriptions connect with both Chenla and Champa , and the first structure on the mountain was constructed around this time. The mountain gained spiritual importance from the linga -shaped protuberance on its summit; the mountain itself was therefore considered the home of Shiva , and the river as representing the ocean or the Ganges River. The temple was naturally dedicated to Shiva, while the water from the spring which emerges directly behind the temple was considered sacred.
The Temple Complex of Vat Phou bears exceptional testimony to the cultures of south-east Asia, and in particular to the Khmer Empire which dominated the region in the 10th–14th centuries. The Vat Phou complex is an outstanding example of the integration of symbolic landscape of great spiritual significance to its natural surroundings. Contrived to express the Hindu version of the relationship between nature and humanity, Vat Phou exhibits a remarkable complex of monuments and other structures over an extensive area between river and mountain, some of outstanding architecture, many containing great works of art, and all expressing intense religious conviction and commitment


Kantaji (Kantanagar) Temple Dinajpur Bangladesh

भारतीय वास्तुकला (Wonderful Indian Architecture)'s photo.Ornate terracota carving at ancient Kantaji (Kantanagar) Temple Dinajpur Bangladesh



भारतीय वास्तुकला (Wonderful Indian Architecture)'s photo.MAHABALIPURAM ROCK TEMPLE ...... The Group of monuments at Mahabalipuram, Tamil Nadu
Mahabalipuram (Tamil: மகாபலிபுரம்) ...also known as Mamallapuram (Tamil: மாமல்லபுரம்) was a 7th century port city of the South Indian dynasty of the Pallavas around 60 km south from the city of Chennai in Tamil Nadu. It is believed to have been named after the Pallava king Mamalla. It has various historic monuments built largely between the 7th and the 9th century, and has been classified as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

It is believed by some that this area served as a school for young sculptors. The different sculptures, some half finished, may have been examples of different styles of architecture, probably demonstrated by instructors and practiced on by young students. This can be seen in the Pancha Rathas where each Ratha is sculpted in a different style.
The monuments are mostly rock-cut and monolithic, and constitute the early stages of Dravidian architecture wherein Buddhist elements of design are prominently visible. They are constituted by cave temples, monolithic rathas (chariots), sculpted reliefs and structural temples. The pillars are of the Dravidian order. The sculptures are excellent examples of Pallava art.

Mahadev temple near Chalisgaon, Maharashtra

भारतीय वास्तुकला (Wonderful Indian Architecture)'s photo.Little known intricately built Mahadev temple near Chalisgaon, Maharashtra
Dated: ~12 century CE or earlier


Ancient cave painting Pachmarhi(Madhya Pradesh)

भारतीय वास्तुकला (Wonderful Indian Architecture)'s photo.Ancient cave painting depicted fight between Vyala(feline creature) and swordman,Pachmarhi(Madhya Pradesh)
Dating of these paintings is uncertain.
It is unfortunate that these beautiful ancient painting are constantly under threat due to poor maintenance and chiefly because of lack of sensitivity towards historical monuments shown by visitors.

Vaman Temple at Khajuraho

भारतीय वास्तुकला (Wonderful Indian Architecture)'s photo.Ancient Vaman Temple at Khajuraho carved with amazing intricacy
The temple is the structural one which built by affixing carved stone without using any type of mortar.

Shiva Temple from Cambodia

भारतीय वास्तुकला (Wonderful Indian Architecture)'s photo.Ancient Baphuon Shiva Temple from Cambodia
Dated: ~11th century CE
It is a three-tiered temple mountain built as the state temple of Udayadityavarman II dedicat...ed to the Hindu God Shiva. It is the archetype of the Baphuon style. The temple adjoins the southern enclosure of the royal palace and measures 120 metres east-west by 100 metres north-south at its base and stands 34 meters tall without its tower, which would have made it roughly 50 meters tall. Its appearance apparently impressed Emperor Chengzong of Yuan China's late 13th century envoy Chou Ta-Kuan during his visit from 1296 to 1297, who said it was 'the Tower of Bronze...a truly astonishing spectacle, with more than ten chambers at its base.'


Rock carved Shiv-lingam at Sahasraling, Sirsi(Karnataka

भारतीय वास्तुकला (Wonderful Indian Architecture)'s photo.
भारतीय वास्तुकला (Wonderful Indian Architecture)'sीय वास्तुकला (Wonderful Indian Architecture)'sीय वास्तुकला (Wonderful Indian Architecture)'s photo.

Rock carved Shiv-lingam at Sahasraling, Sirsi(Karnataka)
Sahasraling is a major pilgrimage site in Karnataka. It is said that there were originally thousand Shivlingam of which very few remain today.

Hoysaleshwara Temple, Halebidu

भारतीय वास्तुकला (Wonderful Indian Architecture)'s photo.Ornate Profile of Hoysaleshwara Temple, Halebidu
Built: 1121CE
Lathe turned monolithic columns are visible with remarkable surface finishing. The columns are living testimony to ancient sophisticated architectural engineering.

Badami cave temple,

भारतीय वास्तुकला (Wonderful Indian Architecture)'s photo.Varah sculpture Inside Badami cave temple, dated to 6th century.
They cut rock like Titans but finished like jewellers.
One noteworthy feature of these cave te...mples is the running frieze of Ganas in various amusing postures caved in relief on each plinth. The outside verandas of the cave temples are rather plain, but the inner hall contains rich and prolific sculptural symbolism. Art critic Dr. M. Sheshadri wrote of the Chalukya art that they cut rock like Titans but finished like jewellers.

temple kattumannar Kovil, Cuddalore

भारतीय वास्तुकला (Wonderful Indian Architecture)'s photo.Little known ancient ornate temple kattumannar Kovil, Cuddalore(Tamilnadu)



Hindu Temple in Indonesia-Sukuh ( Indonesian)

भारतीय वास्तुकला (Wonderful Indian Architecture)'s photo.Sukuh ( Indonesian : Candi Sukuh is a 15th-century Javanese-Hindu temple that is located on the western slope of Mount Lawu ( elev. 910 m (3000 ft)) on the between Central and East Java provinces.
The central main pyramid of the complex sits at the rear of the highest of three terraces. Originally, worshippers would have accessed the complex through a gateway at the westernor lowest terrace. To the left of the gate is a carving of a monster eating a man, birds in a tree, and a dog, which is thought to be a chronogram representing 1437 CE, the likely date of the temple's consecration.
The main structure of Sukuh temple is like no other ancient edifice; a truncated pyramid reminiscent of a Maya monument and surrounded by monoliths and meticulously carved life-sized figures.


Ancient India,Combodia and Guatemala

भारतीय वास्तुकला (Wonderful Indian Architecture)'s photo.Ancient connections:
Left is Baksei Chamkrong is a small Hindu Shiva temple located in the Angkor complex (Siem Reap, Cambodia)....
[Right] pyramid 12 at Tikal, Guatemala
Baffling Links to Ancient India: History is full of misnomers; one such term is the New World, as applied to the Americas. The landing of Columbus in 1492 undoubtedly created a new life on the continents, but it neither created nor discovered a new world. Many centuries ago Asian migrants had come to the western shore in substantial numbers. What if the popular idea that Tibetans and American Indians have much in common in terms of their spiritual culture is largely a result of another historical scenario?
What if Hindus and Hopis, Advantins and Aztecs, Tibetan Monks and Mayans were part of one world culture - a spiritual one? Baron Alexander von Humbolt an eminent European scholar and anthropologist, was one of the first to postulate the Asiatic origin of the Indian civilizations of the Americas.
Dr. Robert Heine Geldern anthropologist, has written that: "Those who believe the ancient peoples of Asia were incapable of crossing the ocean have completely lost sight of what the literary sources tell us concerning their ships and their navigation. Many of the peoples of Southeastern Asia had adopted Indian Hindu-Buddhist civilizations. The influences of the Hindu-Buddhist culture of southeast Asia in Mexico and particularly, among the Maya, are incredibly strong, and they have already disturbed some Americanists who don't like to see them but cannot deny them." "Ships that could cross the Indian Ocean were able to cross the Pacific too. Moreover, these ships were really larger and probably more sea-worthy than those of Columbus and Magellan."
"Ships of size that carried Fahien from India to China (through stormy China water) were certainly capable of proceeding all the way to Mexico and Peru by crossing the Pacific. One thousand years before the birth of Columbus Indian ships were far superior to any made in Europe up to the 18th century."
American born Swami B. V. Tripurari asks, "What mysterious psychological law would have caused Asians, and Americans to both use the umbrella as a sign of royalty, to invent the same games, imagine similar cosmologies, and attribute the same colors to the different directions?"

Hindu Temple in China-MAHAVIRA HALL Kaiyuan Temple

भारतीय वास्तुकला (Wonderful Indian Architecture)'s photo.
MAHAVIRA HALL OF ...Kaiyuan Temple (Chinese: 開元寺; pinyin: Kaiyuan Si; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Khai-gôan-sī), also known as the Ziyun Hall (Chinese: 紫雲堂; pinyin: Zǐyún táng; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Chí-hûn-tông), is a Buddhist temple in West Street, Quanzhou, China, the largest in Fujian province with an area of 78,000 square metres (840,000 sq ft).
It was originally built in 685 or 686 during the Tang Dynasty. Behind its main hall "Mahavira Hall”, there ar...e some columns with fragments from a Shiva temple built in 1283 by the Tamil community in Quanzhou. The carvings are dispersed across five primary sites in Quanzhou and the neighboring areas. They were made in the South Indian style, and share close similarities with 13th-century temples constructed in the Chola Nadu region in Tamil Nadu. Nearly all of the carvings were carved with greenish-gray granite, which was widely available in the nearby hills and used in the region's local architecture. In 1983, the Kaiyuan Temple was designated as a national temple.

Sunday, April 19, 2015

Angor vat

Once in 4000 year view of Angor Vat 

Vettuvan Koil

Vettuvan Koil (A Sculptor’s paradise) is a Hindu temple built between the 8th and 9th century. Kalugumalai is a priceless unfinished Pandyan monolith cave temple, part of the iconographic richness that helped chronicle the burgeoning richness of the Tamil culture, traditions, and sacred centres containing religious art. 
About 7.5 meter of the mountain is excavated in a rectangular fashion and in the middle the temple is sculpted from a single piece of rock. The carvings reflect the southern temple style of the Pandya era. Only the top portion of the temple is completed. The temple has an entrance and centre hall for the main deity. In the later days Ganesha’s idol is kept and worshipped. At the top of the temple beautiful sculpture of Uma Maheswarar, Dakshinamoorthy, Vishnu and Brahma can be found. There are around 122 sculptures in the rock cut temple. The intricately carved statues are from fine granite.

Prasasti Ciaruteun

Prasasti Ciaruteun

Prasasti Ciaruteun found on the banks of the river Ciampea Ciaruteun, not far from the river Sadane River, Bogor, Indonesia.. The inscription of the kingdom of Tarumanagara.

According to the Rajya text Rajya I Bhumi archipelago parwa 2, sarga 3, page 161 states that possessed Tarumanagara Rajamandala (dependencies), called "Pasir Muhara".

Prasasti Ciaruteun reported by Bataaviasch leader van Kunsten en Wetenschappen Genootschap (now the National Museum) in 1863. Due to the great flood in 1893 this inscription stone drift away few yards downstream and become part of the stone that read upside down position. Then in 1903 the inscription is moved into right place. In 1981 the Directorate of Protection and Development of Historical and Archeological Department of Education and Culture made a permanent platform so that flood will not effect the stone..

Prasasti Ciaruteun made of natural rock.

Prasasti Ciaruteun bergoreskan Pallawa arranged in the form of Sanskrit mantra with Anustubha sloka consisting of four rows and at the top of the posts are carved a pair of feet, drawing bulbs and tendrils (helical) and spiders.

The Text:

vikkrantasyavanipat eh
srimatah purnnavarmmanah
visnoriva padadvayam

"This (sign) a pair of lotus feet of Vishnu (preserver) is a glorious palm of the Purna Varman, king in the land of Taruma, a valiant king of the world".

The feet symbolizes the power of the king over the area where the discovery of the inscription. This means that confirms the position that likened Purna Varman Vishnu then regarded as the ruler and protector of the people

Sri Karavera Nathar (Brahmmapureeswarar) temple

Sri Karavera Nathar (Brahmmapureeswarar) temple

Moolavar : Karavera Nathar (Brahmmapureeswarar)
Amman / Thayar : Pratyakasha Minnammai
Old year : 1000-2000 years old

The shrine is praised by the three celebrated Saivite Saints, Sambandar, Tirunavukkarasar and Sundarar. This is the 91st Lord Shiva temple on the southern bank of Cauvery praised in Thevaram hymns.

Lord Shiva in the temple is a swayambumurthy.

Vinayaka of the temple is praised as Lord Raja Ganapathy.

On new moon days, women water the Sthala Vruksha – sacred tree near the Samadhi of Sage Gautama and worship Lord Brahmmapureeswarar then in the hope that their marriage would be materialized before next new moon day. Devotees stay in the temple for a night and worship the Lord next day to overcome various hardships they face in life.

Lord Shiva appointed Sage Gautama to take care of the Linga which He installed Himself. The sage stayed in this sacred land, performed penance and sought the grace of Lord Shiva. Granting Darshan to the sage, Lord asked him his wish. The sage said that after his life time, nobody should see his mortal body. As the devotees would worship him also in the temple, he wanted to become the sacred tree of the temple and sought that boon. Lord obliged the sage. It is on the basis of this story, women use to water the sacred tree on every new moon day and worship Lord Brahmmapureeswarar then.

Karaveeram means Ponnalari a flower. The place is named after this plant-sacred tree. Saint Tirugnana Sambandar had to stay here as night fell then. In his hymn on the Lord of Karaveeram, in each verse he had emphasized that the devotee would be relieved of his problems-Vinai in Tamil. Devotees therefore stay here for a night, worship the Lord next day for solutions to their problems.

A donkey performed penance in this place on Lord Shiva for His darshan. As its wish was not in sight, frustrated, it decided to fall in the sea at Nagore. The animal heard a sound and turned back and its joy knew no bounds as Lord granted His darshan and also salvation, according to puranas. Because of this event, there is no flag post before Lord’s shrine and houses or buildings up to Nagore from this place. The philosophy is that Lord does not discriminate among beings to shower His grace.

Women of the celestial world once met Lord and Mother at Mount Kailash and sought wedding boon. Mother Parvathi looked at Lord for the reply. Lord Shiva made a Shivalinga Himself, installed it on the southern bank of Cauvery and advised the women to worship the Linga. They followed the advice and were rewarded with suitable matches. Even today, women use to water the sacred tree here on new moon days and worship Lord Brahmmapureeswara then to gain wedding boon. It is believed that their wish is materialized before the next new moon da