Thursday, June 4, 2015

Jain Temple of Lakkundi in Karnatka

Karnataka Historical Places's photo.Lakkundi in Gadag District of Karnataka is a tiny village on the way to Hampi from Hubli. Lakkundi is a place of antiquarian interest with as many as 50 temples..., 101 stepped wells and 29 inscriptions, spread over the period of the later Chalukyas, Kalachuris, Seuna and the Hoysalas. A great center of Kalyani Chalukyas art, there are several temples of note here.
Brahmajinalaya stands as the testimony of the high rank in the Karnataka temple Archietecture.Brahma Jainalaya was built by queen Danachintamani Attimabbe is the largest of many Jain temples in Lakkundi. This Basadi is dedicated to Adinatha, the most revered saint of Jainism.
Karnataka Historical Places's photo.
This Basadi is perhaps one of the earliest examples of temples in this area built of a kind of fine textured chloritic schist as distinct from the hitherto used sandstone of this region. The new material, because of its less thick quarry sizes and tractability, reacted on the workmanship, with the result that the masonry courses became reduced in size and the carvings more delicate and highly finished. The temple, perhaps built in the latter half of the 11th century, has a five-storeyed vimana, square on plan from the base to the sikhara, and had originally a closed square navaranga in front, though an open mandapawas added in front later on.
Karnataka Historical Places's photo.
Basadi has a well fastened Mukha mantapa. and Open hall proped by central pillars decorated with beautiful carving. The Garbagudi holds the idol of Neminatha Tirthankara. The central bay of the navaranga is a larger square than the peripheral eight around it. The second storey, as in the Jaina temple at Pattadakal, is functional and has an antarala-mantapa in front over the vestibule of the lower storey. This raises the total height of the vimana considerably


भारतीय वास्तुकला (Wonderful Indian Architecture)'s photo.The ancient city of Bijolia and the fort are located on the Bundi Chittaurgarh Road. A high paved courtyard on the side of the town has three large temples of Lord Shiva. A carved archway leads to these temples which has a fine image of the elephant head Ganesha as guardian on the entrance. It is said that there were hundred temples in Bijolia but now only three temples are left, which are fine example of 9th century architecture.

Sdok Kok Thom -Khmer temple in present-day Thailand -SHIVA TEMPLE

भारतीय वास्तुकला (Wonderful Indian Architecture)'s photo.Sdok Kok Thom is an 11th-century Khmer temple in present-day Thailand , located about 34 kilometres (21 mi) northeast of the Thai border town of Aranyaprathet(अ...रण्यप्रस्थ) . The temple was dedicated to the Hindu god Shiva.
At the center of the temple is a sandstone tower, which served asthe main sanctuary, probably sheltering a linga , symbol of Shiva. The tower's door is on the east, approached by steps; the other three sides have false doors. A few meters to the northeast and southeast are two sandstone structures known as libraries, with large side windows and laterite bases. Enclosing the tower and libraries is a rectangular courtyard measuring roughly 42 by 36 meters and having galleries on all four sides. On the court's eastern side is a gopura , or gate, reflecting the temple's orientation to the east.
In various places in the temple, there is extensive carving on stone, including floral decoration, Nāga serpents and a figure that appears to be the reclining Hindu god Viṣñu .
A moat, likely representing the Hindu Sea of Creation, lies beyond each of the courtyard's four sides.An avenue leads east from the gopura. A laterite wall standing approximately 2.5 meters high and measuring 126 meters from east to west and 120 meters south to north provides additional enclosure to the entire complex. The midpoint of the eastern side of this wall has an elaborate gopura, standing on a laterite base. About 200 meters tothe east of this gopura, along a laterite-paved avenue with free-standing stone posts on either side, is a baray , or holy reservoir, measuring roughly 200 by 370 meters.

MANDORE TEMPLES,JODHPUR--Antique City of Parihar Rajput

MANDORE inhabited since the time of RAMAYANA, originally known as Mandavyapur. The king Ravana married to princess Mandodri of Mandavyapur. During Gupta period 6th – 7th century AD, the ancient capital of the PARIHARS was ruled by King Shri Nahar Rao Parihar, which later became the capital of MARWAR. Mandore has an extensive and beautiful garden on the slopes of a hill. Here one may find a cha...rming collection of temples and memorials. The devals (cenotaphs) of Maharaja Shri Jaswant Singh and Maharaja Shri Ajit Singh are housed here. Its hall of heroes depicting popular Hindu and folk deities, dating back to the 17th – 18th century has 16 figures carved out of a single rock, also known as the hall of demigods and demigoddesses. (These are called 330 million Devi and Devtas).
Higher up on the plateau are ruins of Mandore, the antique city of PARIHARS. The Mandore fort was built in stages. A study of the Mandore fort, its thick walls and huge ruins showed that the fort was a fine piece of architecture. Many statues and etchings on stone and rock found at Mandore now adorn Mandore museum. The ruins also indicate the existence of a huge temple inside the fort. The outer wall of the temple depicts finely carved botanical designs, birds, animals and beautifully carved planetary system.
In 1395 AD, Shri Chundaji Rathore married a Parihar princess named Mohil and began ruling Mandore, which became the capital of Marwar